Road names dedicated to slave-trade profiteers could be changed as the Scottish city studies its past. For more information on the other walks, please visit https://www.gla.ac.uk/research/az/unesco/events/. The Trongate contained a paved area known as the ‘plainstanes’, where the Tobacco Lords liked to convene. The Free Church was founded in 1843 and was deprived of public money. The Scottish Archive Network also hosts an online exhibition of items held by Glasgow City Archives and Special Collections that relate to Glasgow’s links with slavery and black history more generally. Liverpool’s Slave Trade Legacy. Walking Tours in Scotland is a small, unique walking tour company built by locals. In the Trongate Glasgow’s merchants waited on their tobacco ships to return which explains the Merchants House motto, engraved in stone, Toties redeuntes eodem (`So often returning to the same place`). They included John Glassford (1715-83) and George Bogle of Daldowie (1700-84). Buchanan Street, arguably the most potent symbol of modern Glasgow’s image as a cosmopolitan city, is named after the Tobacco Lord, Andrew Buchanan (1725-1783). Andrew Buchanan (1690- 1759) and his two younger brothers had, by 1730, established a firm, Andrew Buchanan, Bros & Co, which was the largest tobacco importer in Glasgow. Its importance in the road to emancipation is demonstrated by the career of James McCune Smith (1813-65), who became the first African American to graduate MD anywhere and was also the first to practise medicine in the USA. By Dr Michael Morris. Glasgow Necropolis was modelled on Pere-Lachaise in Paris and has been described as one of the true marvels of historic Glasgow. Speirs began his career in Virginia as a plantation owner and returned to Glasgow in the 1750s, already a rich man. The Shawfield Mansion at the bottom of modern day Glassford Street faced onto Argyle Street. He proposed the idea for The Necropolis in 1828, and The Merchants House took control of the project. Glassford’s main business was the Virginia trade in tobacco, an industry built on slave labour and this was where he made and lost most of his fortune. In 1778 the courts took the monumental step of banning slavery in Scotland prompted by Joseph Knight – a household servant in Scotland who ran away and when caught attempted to prove his freedom. Miller Street was named after John Miller of Westerton, a land speculator who first laid out the street in plots in the 1750s. Much of Glasgow's grandest architecture was created off the back of slavery. Amongst their wares were refined and expensive sugar products such as candies, syrup and treacle. Its is a striking symbol of Victorian Glasgow’s claim to be the second city of the Empire. Goods were weighed at the Tolbooth on their way to merchants’ warehouses – a demonstration of Glasgow’s role in what is sometimes called a ‘warehouse economy’. Its establishment testifies to the city’s early development due to slavery and slave dependant trade. School of Humanities | Sgoil nan Daonnachdan. On this London Slavery Tour, led by a local historian, we discover Britain's role in the slave travel, as well as the fight to end it. His successor, Adam Smith (1723-90), attacked slavery on economic and moral grounds as the ‘vilest of all states’. In the 19th century, Glasgow’s connection to slavery was obscured. ‘The Tontine Society’ of Glasgow was formed in 1782. Jamaica Street, named after the largest slave plantation island in the Caribbean, was opened in 1763 at the height of Glasgow’s rum and sugar trade. Frankie Boyle finds out more. Virginia Street and ‘The Virginia Mansion’, which was situated on the site of the modern-day Corinthian in Ingram Street, were a testament to the wealth and influence of successive generations of the same Glasgow merchant family. He began to lay out a new street called Virginia Street in 1753, although he died before his son, George Buchanan of Mount Vernon (1728-62), built the opulent mansion. A square of three-storey townhouses, described as ‘perfect examples of elegance and splendour’, was laid out around the Church in 1787 ‘for the use and resort of merchants and others’. Author Stephen Millar takes a walking tour of Glasgow to examine the city's links to the international slave trade By The Newsroom Wednesday, 26th December 2018, 4:19 pm The Glasgow Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1822 and the city was known as one of the staunchest abolitionist cities in Britain. Both the tobacco trade and the West Indian sugar trade, in which the family also had interests depended on slave labour. X ... A VIRTUAL TOUR WITH JOHN CAMPBELL. These rooms, which included a hotel, coffee room and assembly hall, became the social and commercial headquarters of Glasgow at a time when this area was fashionable and affluent. St David’s Church, at no. The Glasgow Building Preservation Trust purchased the building in 1993 and embarked on an ambitious programme of redevelopment to create Glasgow’s Centre for Scottish Culture. The University of Glasgow is a registered Scottish charity: Registration Number SC004401. There is a stained-glass memorial to Alexander Spiers of Elderslie (1714-82), one of the original Tobacco Lords and sometimes called ‘the mercantile god of Glasgow’. I’m Dr. Peggy Brunache, historian and archaeologist of Atlantic slavery. ALL 12 of the statues of scientists, soldiers, writers, politicians and royals in George Square in Glasgow have a variety of connections to slavery and abolition. The Glasgow Emancipation Society started the Uncle Tom Offering, which was introduced to make up royalties Beecher Stowe could not receive in Britain. The University of Glasgow has published a comprehensive report into the institution’s historical links with racial slavery. Another example of Glasgow’s leading position in the global campaign for universal emancipation was the appearance of Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1853. The first of its kind in Scotland, it gave tuition in drawing, painting, engraving and sculpture. This tour of Glasgow’s City Centre and Merchant City tells a story of the built heritage, the tobacco merchants’ legacy and the Slave Trade and its abolition. He also helped found the Glasgow Arms Bank and the Thistle Bank. Slavery Act Disclosure ... Johnston & Company (Laphroaig) Ltd, Springburn Bond, Carlisle St, Glasgow G21 1EQ, registered in the United Kingdom, registration number SC028072. The tour tries to use the statues to demonstrate that it’s not just a question of individual slave-traders, but that slavery and abolition are woven through George Square’s public memory of commerce, politics, science, militarism, industrialisation, academia and literature. “We should be deeply uncomfortable about what happened, and about Glasgow’s role was. Various prominent Glasgow merchants were amongst the original subscribers to what was, in effect, the forerunner of the later Royal Exchange. Great Britain’s economic development was built on trade with her colonies and this is dramatically portrayed in the Chambers’ architecture. Alexander Speirs of Elderslie (1714-1782), sometimes called ‘the mercantile god of Glasgow’, married Mary Buchanan in 1755. The Galleries, built from 1817 until 1819, were originally the Tobacco Exchange, and later the Sugar Exchange. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. This tour of Glasgow’s City Centre and Merchant City tells a story of the built heritage, the tobacco merchants’ legacy and the Slave Trade and its abolition. The building was restored as offices by Glasgow Building Preservation Trust in 1995. 454 likes. School of Humanities | Sgoil nan Daonnachdan. The tour is designed by Stephen Mullen, research associate in history at the University of Glasgow and put together by Christine Whyte, lecturer in global history at the University of Glasgow. Event listings. GLASGOW.- Glasgow Life, the charity that manages the city’s museums and collections, has appointed Miles Greenwood as its first Curator focussing on the legacies of slavery and empire, to continue to tell the story of the impact the transatlantic trade in enslaved Africans and the British Empire has had on Glasgow. Customize your journey to suit you with the option to book with or without accommodation, and gain insight into the historic region from your guide’s commentary. Black people are central to the story of Britain's cities because their work helped fund buildings, institutions, culture and history here. This history includes the enslavement of African-Americans, racial lynchings, segregation, and racial bias. Glasgow, Scotland – When abolitionist Frederick Douglass arrived in Scotland on a speaking tour in 1846 from the United States, 13 years had … The building, one of the most important in the city, demonstrated the important link between the colonial trade in tobacco and sugar and Glasgow’s continuing economic growth in the nineteenth century. It is therefore no surprise that the street was given this name by West Indian merchants in Glasgow. 25/07/2017. Citizens of lesser standing moved out of their way. During his tour of Scotland in 1846 Frederick Douglass, the formerly enslaved anti-slavery campaigner, demanded that the Free Church 'send back the money'. However, complete abolition of slavery did not come until 1833. However, complete abolition of slavery did not come until 1833. Contact us Ramsay is also a co-lead on Black History Month walking tours commissioned by Coalition for Racial Equality and Rights, highlighting the historical links between Glasgow’s built heritage and the transatlantic slave trade and chattel slavery, empire and colonisation. It also helped bankrupt the brothers, who are located under the pavement in Ingram Street, the place marked by the initials RF & AF. Most Scottish slavers were based in Jamaica; about a third of the country’s white population were Scottish, and to this day there are several Scottish place names in Jamaica: Glasgow, Dundee, Aberdeen, and two Culloden’s! The street was also the location of the later Town Hall and the Tontine rooms, which in the 1780s became the social and commercial headquarters of Glasgow, at a time when this area was fashionable and affluent. Contact us ... (a prominent figure in the movement to abolish slavery). Sadly these families would have made their fortunes from plantation profits and the slave trade. It was here that the early merchants Oswald, who came from a merchant family which had been deeply involved in the tobacco and sugar trades since the 1730s, served as a Glasgow MP from the time of the 1832 Reform Act. Glasgow University, originally situated in the heart of the city on High Street, played an active part in campaigning against slavery. Glasgow Anti-Slavery Group. Glasgow Cathedral, also known as ‘St Mungo’s’ or ‘The High Church’ is the oldest church in Glasgow and has various memorials to tobacco and sugar merchants, despite the fact that both trades were built largely on slave labour. After escaping slavery in 1838 by going to New York, he became a brilliant orator and tireless freedom fighter alongside members of his family. Glasgow's slavery links revealed by interactive walking tour, September 2020, News, Architecture and the built environment is an integral part of our society and we hope to provide a useful platform for debate, information and inspiration. When Glassford died in his mansion he was more than £50,000 in debt, ruined by his losses in America. Many merchants were buried there. Smith was a leading member of The Glasgow Emancipation Society, which campaigned for universal emancipation. The Glasgow Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1822 and the city was known as one of the staunchest abolitionist cities in Britain. 0:11 Skip to 0 minutes and 11 seconds PEGGY BRUNACHE: For over 300 years, British people were involved in the trans-Atlantic slave trade and slavery in the Caribbean and Americas. After escaping slavery in 1838 by going to New York, he became a brilliant orator and tireless freedom fighter alongside members of his family. The tour took us to the original sight of The Old College in Glasgow, which was singled out for praise by the leaders of the abolitionist movement for its campaigning role. Maiyah Gamble-Rivers trudged through the snow one recent afternoon to get to a highlight on the Slavery & Legacy walking tour at Brown University. Glasgow Anti-Slavery Group. Maiyah Gamble-Rivers trudged through the snow one recent afternoon to get to a highlight on the Slavery & Legacy walking tour at Brown University. It raised some funds from slave … Close to here is the ‘Bridgegate’ or ‘Briggait’ and the Merchants’ Steeple. 454 likes. His granite sarcophagus in the Necropolis was sculpted by John Mossman, the pre- eminent Glasgow sculptor of the age. David Livingstone (1813-73) attended his lectures on slavery and he hosted various abolitionists in Glasgow such as William Lloyd Garrison (1805-79) and Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-96). In Glasgow’s ‘golden age of tobacco’, it was central to the development of the city’s commerce across the world. Richard (1687-1763) and Alexander Oswald (1694-1766) were heavily involved in its foundation. The UWI and University of Glasgow develop free online course on history and legacy of British slavery in the Caribbean Posted: October 07, 2020 A new free online course is being launched to investigate the history of British colonial slavery in the Caribbean, reflecting its … The Oswald family had extensive links with the tobacco and sugar trades, both built on slave labour. The tour took us to the original sight of The Old College in Glasgow, which was singled out for praise by the leaders of the abolitionist movement for its campaigning role. The Legacy Museum – Virtual Tour The Legacy Museum: From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration displays the history of slavery and racism in America. Neil Jamieson, Glassford’s factor, was also involved in the slave trade to the Carolinas. Wardlaw’s sermons and speeches about the evils of slavery were not always popular because of Glasgow’s longstanding connections with the West Indies and led to a decline in membership of his church and attacks in the press. This week we are hosting our first-ever event at which refugees and asylum seekers can meet housing providers. Even though slavery had been judged illegal in Britain, the slave trade system was … To view the Slavery & Legacy Walking Tour website, please click here. Glasgow has a heritage of supporting equality, backing radical change and speaking out for the voiceless in society. Richard Oswald and Co. applied to the town council in 1756 regarding the purchase of land surrounding their bottle works at the Broomielaw, which had been operating since 1730. It helped fund his education, after many universities in the USA had rejected him, demonstrating Glasgow University’s long and honourable history as a place of learning for the disenfranchised and the dispossessed. Glasgow’s Glassford Street (after the Glassford family) and Virginia Street (after the American Colony where many plantations were) are a legacy of this dark chapter. Stay up to date and join our mailing list Join Now >, Portland House, 17 Renfield Street, Glasgow, G2 5AH. ALL 12 of the statues of scientists, soldiers, writers, politicians and royals in George Square in Glasgow have a variety of connections to slavery and abolition. The famous Tontine heads were located above ten arches on the Tontine, and survive to this day (in the garden at Provand’s Lordship). After a series of lecture tours in the USA, Douglass spent two years on a circuit of churches, chapels and lectures throughout Great Britain and Ireland between 1846 and 1848. Get your Love Glasgow Hate Racism tshirts and tote bags, and raise money for Scottish Refugee Council and United Glasgow FC! St Andrews by the Green or the Whistling Kirk, was built at a cost of £1250 and is similar in style to Glasgow’s Georgian villas. C. Pennington in 1849-51. Ewing junior assumed control in 1814. In the 19th century, Glasgow’s connection to slavery was obscured. a third major phase of its history, as the Gallery of Modern Art. The tour is designed by Stephen Mullen, research associate in history at the University of Glasgow and put together by Christine Whyte, lecturer in global history at the University of Glasgow. This five-storey, crow-stepped gabled, building was owned by Robert McNair (1703-79) and his wife, Jean Holmes (b 1703) who were prominent shopkeepers in eighteenth century Glasgow. Not all Scots supported slavery though. The legacy of the extraordinary wealth that Glasgow accumulated on the back of enslaved labour is woven into the city’s physical environment and material culture. The stately homes, street names, buildings, and statues across the country tie us to this terrible past. Both, of course, were built entirely on slave labour. They are both buried at Glasgow Cathedral, testimony to their position in society and their loyalty to the government during the Jacobite rebellion in 1745-6. In contrast to the many whose memorials were funded by slave income, Glasgow’s opposition to slavery Without slavery, Glasgow wouldn't exist. We are also indebted to Dr Stephen Mullen’s book It Wisnae Us: The Truth About Glasgow and Slavery which guided us on our tour of Glasgow’s less-than-savoury past. Beecher Stowe (1811-96) was an American abolitionist and novelist, whose novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin, sold over 300,000 copies in the USA in the first year after it was published in 1852. In 1778 the courts took the monumental step of banning slavery in Scotland prompted by Joseph Knight – a household servant in Scotland who ran away and when caught attempted to prove his freedom. British ships made over 11,000 journeys that we know of, forcibly transporting almost three million men, women, and children to slavery. It was behind the deepening of the River Clyde to allow large shipping vessels to dock and it helped recruit troops in the American War of Independence to protect the tobacco trade. in Glasgow had their commercial headquarters. A side which is deeply rooted in its past, buried under years of commercial development and regeneration – Glasgow’s role in the slave trade. Slavery shaped modern Britain and we live with the memory of slavery today. By Brian Ferguson Friday, 22nd January 2021, 3:50 pm Buchanan Street, laid out in 1780, was named in 1756 after Andrew Buchanan (1725-83), another of his sons. As slavery was abolished, the British government decided that each slave owner (and there were tens of thousands up and down the country) was entitled to a … … Frederick Douglass (1818-95) was an African American who, after escaping from slavery in Maryland in 1838, became a leading campaigner in the Foreign and American Anti-Slavery Society. Constructed at a cost of £10,000 for the Congregational Church and capable of holding 1,600 people, its first pastor was the Rev. In September 2018 Glasgow University, in a welcome move, published a report into its historical links to slavery, acknowledging that, although the university did not invest directly in the slave trade, it did receive donations from those who did. Andrew, appointed Lord Provost twice in 1740-42, was one of the consortium of merchants which founded the Ship Bank, Glasgow’s first bank, in 1750. The memorial – a … A variety of prominent merchants were buried there, including two Tobacco Lords, John Glassford (1715-83) and Andrew Buchanan (1690-1759), one of the founders of The Ship Bank, Glasgow’s first bank. Since 2007, Stephen Mullen, historian and author of ‘ It Wisnae Us: The Truth About Glasgow and Slavery ’, has studied Glasgow’s mercantile past, with particular focus on the city’s connections to slave trading within the Empire. In 1807, the slave trade in British Colonies became illegal and British ships were no longer allowed to carry slaves. The Virginia Galleries, in Virginia Street, sat at the centre of what was once the commercial heart of Glasgow. The tour then led us to the Gallery of Modern Art (GoMA) and St Andrews in the Square Church revealing a past that I never knew about. Blog by Jack Tannock, media volunteer at Scottish Refugee Council. Ultimately Scotland has much to be proud of from this period as well as much that is shameful, but we must do more to remember the part we played in the slave trade. January 20, 2021 The financial success of the Kilmarnock edition is sometimes cited by commentators as the reason why Burns did not go to Jamaica; but this is a … ‘The Old Sugar House’ was built in 1699 and named ‘Easter Sugar House’ to distinguish it from another sugar refinery nearby. Cunninghame had the motto emergo – to emerge – etched on the mansion, a boast of his own rapid rise in society. The Tobacco Lords were said to stroll around the Tontine Piazza, resplendent in their scarlet cloaks and gold tipped canes. Yet like other major ports on the Atlantic seaboard such as Bristol and Liverpool, much of the city’s early wealth was built on a global trade which ran on slave labour. Always recruiting volunteers please get in touch. It is a counterpart to the National Memorial to Peace and Justice, which […] Nonetheless, he became active in the campaign for global emancipation after the Emancipation Act of 1833. The illustrated walking tour A new walking tour exploring Glasgow’s links to the Transatlantic slave trade has been launched as part of this year’s Doors Open Day Festival. The City Halls became the first performance venue for the public in Glasgow, a focus for events ranging from concerts to rallies and anti-slavery meetings. The Merchants House is an impressive monument to Glasgow’s global trading. “But we need Glaswegians, and future generations of them, to have a sense of comfort in confronting it - comfort in understanding that this is something we cannot ignore. This became, with Virginia Street, one of the most fashionable and expensive places to live in Glasgow. In 1996 the building entered Sadly the building was demolished in 2003. They founded an Academy of Fine Arts in Glasgow, based on a large collection of paintings acquired on their European book selling tours. Alexander was the chapel’s first patron. This was the old Merchants House which was used as a look-out for merchants awaiting the arrival of their cargoes from Virginia and the West Indies. Glasgow, Scotland – When abolitionist Frederick Douglass arrived in Scotland on a speaking tour in 1846 from the United States, 13 years had passed since Britain enacted the Slavery Abolition Act. Instead, we pride ourselves on letting you discover Scotland's cities and towns through a local's eyes. In 1829, the mansion, much altered by the architect David Hamilton (1768-1843), sometimes known as the ‘father of Glasgow’s architecture’, took on a new lease of life as the Royal Exchange. He also served as Lord Provost, Lord Dean of Guild and was an M.P. for Glasgow. is represented by the memorial to the Rev. Ralph Wardlaw (1779-1853), one of the founders of the Glasgow Anti-Slavery Society in 1823. Theatrical walking tour to explore the legacy of Glasgow’s radical women. Great enlightenment thinkers such Francis Hutchison and Adam Smith challenged slavery and many others fought for abolition. It opened in 1753 with the financial help of Glassford and Archibald Ingram (c.1699-1770), another Tobacco Lord. This tour of Glasgow’s City Centre and Merchant City tells a story of the built heritage, the tobacco merchants’ legacy and the Slave Trade and its abolition. Discover Loch Ness, the Isle of Skye, and the Scottish Highlands on a 3-day tour from Glasgow or Edinburgh, with convenient round-trip transfer by air-conditioned coach. In time the Necropolis became the most fashionable place to be buried in the burgeoning Victorian city. With the continued spread of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in the United States, the Center for the Study of Slavery and Justice — in alignment with University policy — will suspend all programs and tours effective Wednesday, March 11th. He was involved in other industries such as Pollokshaws printing and the Glasgow tanworks. There’s much to be proud of, but there are some darker aspects to this city’s past, including the shameful part it played in the slave trade. Ms Njenga said: "Glasgow used to be 13 streets but because of the wealth of the slave traders it expanded. Created by … The common entrance to a subsequent tenemental development formed part of the modern entry to Buchanan Street at Argyle Street. He later sold some of the land around his property. Francis Hutcheson (1694-1746) studied there and his lectures, after he was appointed Professor of Moral Philosophy in 1729, provided a moral critique of slavery, which inspired abolitionists on a global scale. As well as a legacy here in Glasgow there are reminders of Scotland’s part in slavery in many former colonies. Sugar boiling was one of the mainstays of Glasgow’s fast-growing economy in the second half of the seventeenth century. The first tenement in the area was built in 1774. It could be assumed that tobacco merchants contributed to this cost; the Spanish mahogany interior was imported by these merchants. Many streets we know well, such as Ingram and Buchanan, bear the name of slavers. The memorial – a … On the topmost triangle on the main façade a statue of Queen Victoria is flanked by native peoples bringing gifts from the Empire. The fabric of … Glasgow University has agreed to raise and spend £20m in reparations after discovering it benefited by millions of pounds from the slave trade. Edinburgh, like Glasgow, Dublin, Bristol, and Clifton, were strong supporters of Garrison's proposal, whilst other groups favoured a managed move away from slavery. Accessibility statement; Freedom of information; FOI p The same society hired a series of American black abolitionist lecturers before and after Harriet’s visit, Those before included J.W. Via BBC Two Plot 6 was acquired by Mr Robert Hastie,‘an extensive American merchant’, on 6th May 1772. An organisation of Glasgow merchants was established in the seventeenth century. The tour is designed by Stephen Mullen, research associate in history at the University of Glasgow and put together by Christine Whyte, lecturer in global history at the University of Glasgow. In 1836 he supported the petition of 30,000 residents of the city to end the apprenticeship scheme in the West Indies that had continued a form of slavery after its formal abolition by Parliament in 1834. Glasgow need to do more to recognise their role in this period forerunner the! City was known as one of the same Society was formed in 1782 £10,000 a. 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