Women's clothing became more revealing; homosexuality, while publicly condemned, was embraced by the populace. He traditionally wears a large codpiece to advertise his virility, which everyone around him knows to be long gone. Facts about African Masks 1: Influences. Masks are one of the elements of African art that have most evidently influenced European and Western art in general; in the 20th century, artistic movements such as cubism, fauvism and expression have often taken inspiration from the vast and diverse heritage of African masks. He frequently wears a hat, and long, trailing robes. He is often extremely rich, generally with "old" money, though the needs of the scenario might have things otherwise. If you're making a papier-mache mask, begin by creating a plaster mold and then lightly applying petroleum jelly to prevent the mask and mold from becoming inseparably stuck together. His mask is unique in that it is the only mask in Commedia dell'Arte to cover only the forehead and nose. Arlecchino traditionally wore an outfit of patches and rags, which evolved into the lozenge-shaped motley seen today. Alongside Bauta, Venice Carnival is famous for the masks named Dama that refers directly to the females who also wore expensive clothes and jewels. It was invented in France and rapidly became popular in Venice as it brought out the beauty of feminine features. Pulcinella, Arlecchino, Brighella, Coviello, Francatrippe, Zan Fitata, Zan Piastrela, Zan Ganassa, Zan Turco. It is the most significant one in the history of the venetian mask: it was about hiding your own identity during the everyday life in the Repubblica di Venezia.. Masks have always been an important feature of the Venetian carnival. If he is not a servant, he is often friends with them. Though only mildly popular on the stage, Burrattino found his real fame in the marionette theater. Masks have always been an essential component of the Venetian carnival. Its name comes from Giovanni (also said Zan, Zane, Zuane), a typical name of servants whose forefathers emigrated in Venice search for work from the valleys around Bergamo. The modern celebration of Venetian Carnival has reinvigorated the art and craft of making Venetian masks. Colombina aided her mistress, the inamorata to gain the affections of her one true love by manipulating Arlecchino and counter-plotting against Pantalone while simultaneously managing the whereabouts of the inamorato. Its origins are centuries old, and it still attracts thousands of tourists each year who arrive in Venice to admire the sumptuous costumes and masks parading in the streets and squares. Famous masks of the Commedia Dell'Arte included the Plague Doctor, a scary mask with a long, beaked nose, and the Gatto, a mask shaped like a cat. Made for centuries in Venice, these distinctive masks were formed from paper-mache and wildly decorated with fur, fabric, gems, or feathers. In Latin, this was a pullus gallinaceus, which led to the word "Pulliciniello" and "Pulcinella", related to the Italian pulcino or chick. French women favored the moretta mask, a black oval that was held in place by biting down on a button in the back, while men wore the white, ghost-like larva mask. Historically one of the most commonly worn masks during Carnival was the bauta mask, a mask that only covers half the face and was sometimes accompanied by a tri-cornered hat and cloak. Bauta is quite ghostlike and with the centuries the fashion was to wear it with a black tricorno (the 3-pointed typical Venetian hat), zendale (long hood made of satin and macrame), and long cape. Commedia was the successor to Roman theater, masked like its predecessor but having little else in common. It started in 1168 as a celebration of victory of Republic of Venice against Ulrico, Patriarch of Aquileia, and became annual event until it was banned by King of Austria in 1797. Colombina was usually dressed in a ragged and patched dress appropriate to a hired servant. One of the worst scourges for the city of Venice was without any doubt the Plague, which struck the city on several occasions. ALL ORDERS ARE SHIPPED WITHIN 24 HOURS LEARN MORE, SPECIAL OFFER! It is true to say that nowadays, this type of mask is the most widely worn all over the world due to its chic and elegance. During Carnival in Venice, many revelers wear exotic masks. Originally they had a simple design and decoration, while today they are hand painted and are decorated with natural wings, precious metals and stones. Discover 5 curious facts about Venetian masks. New Orleans' annual celebration became one of the nation's biggest festivals. Other names: Plague Doctor, Medico della Peste. The cat rid the palace of all its mice and the man became rich. Visit www.kbwcorp.com! His work has been featured in Cracked and "The Atlantic.". The performances were improvised around a repertory of stock conventional situations, adultery, jealousy, old age, love, some of which can be traced in Roman comedies of Plautus and Terence. Traveling teams of players would set up an outdoor stage and provide amusement in the form of juggling, acrobatics, and, more typically, humorous plays based on a repertoire of established characters with a rough storyline, called Canovaccio. 10% DISCOUNT FOR ORDERS OVER $500, WE SELL WHOLESALE PLEASE CONTACT US FOR DETAILS LEARN MORE, WE OFFER SAFE SHOPPING ALL PERSONAL INFORMATION YOU SUBMIT IS INCRYPTED AND 100% SECURE LEARN MORE, EXPRESS SHIPPING IS AVAILABLE CHOOSE UPS 3 DAY, 2 DAY, or NEXT DAY DURING CHECKOUT LEARN MORE, WEARING GLASSESS? Liberty, Olga, Valeri, Salome, Fantasia, Regina. Moretta is an oval mask of black velvet that was usually worn by women visiting convents. Venice was capitalizing on its position, on its gains, long before its contemporaries had realized the value of a market economy. SPECIAL OFFER! You can employ the glass technique and decorate the masks with ribbons, porcelain or even leather. Recognizable types of Venetian masks continue to dazzle tourists, dancers, and pageant participants during Carnival and year round. Pulcinella became a stock character in Neapolitan puppetry. He is extremely pompous, and loves the sound of his own voice, spouting ersatz Latin and Greek. Venetian masks are made of leather, papier-mâché, porcelain or an original technique made of glass. He is the quick witted earthy fellow who might be the innkeeper or grocer. He is often cast as the parent of one of the inamorata and has some business or personal relationship with Dottore or Capitano. This mask was worn by Venetian women all year around. Venetian masks are made from paper-mache and decorated with fur, feathers, beads and gems. All the social classes took part and the mask represented the trick for the expression of that big collective magic. DAMA, which presents many elegant variations corresponds to the ladies of the Cinquecento (the period of Titian) who covered themselves in jewels, expensive clothing and elaborate coifs. The Bauta mask. WE OFFER $35 FLAT RATE FOR ANYWHERE OUTSIDE OF THE USA LEARN MORE, OVERNIGT SHIPPING IS AVAILABLE CHOOSE UPS NEXT DAY DURING CHECKOUT LEARN MORE, NEED A CUSTOM MASK? FREE GROUND SHIPPING ON ALL ORDERS WITHIN THE USA LEARN MORE, SPECIAL OFFER! back to top Commedia dell'Arte. It was thus useful for a variety of purposes, some of them illicit or criminal, others just personal, such as romantic encounters. Venetian Mask is the object, which most represents Venice, because it plays the Venetian spirit projected towards the party, the transgression and the amusement. Known throughout the world is the Venetian mask which was born in 1600 and still typical of modern disguises: the “Bauta”, that is a white mask called ” larva “, dominated by a black three-cornered hat and completed by a dark cloak. If the actor playing the role is not naturally fat then he is padded out to make him seem so. Women's clothing became more revealing; homosexuality, while publicly condemned, was embraced by the populace. Pantalone's plans to profit at the expense of his family and friends are guaranteed to be thwarted by his servant. The tradition of masking has a long tradition in Venice. It therefore lasted more than two months. It is sometimes black in color or else flesh-toned with a red nose. Eventually, Venetian masks re-emerged as the emblem of Carnevale (Venetian Carnival), a pageant and street fair celebrating hedonism. The characters and tropes of the Commedia have also been used in modern novels, from sword and sorcery to literary works, notably by Michael Moorcock in his Jerry Cornelius stories that culminate with the Guardian prize-winning The Condition of Muzak. Make sure you make at least 5 layers of paper and alternate each layer of paper with one layer of glue that you can apply with a … Rome turned a blind eye, as long as the Republic continued to make generous donations. Typically, a traditional Venetian mask is made out of leather, glass or papier-mache. Once the mold has been constructed, the artisan heats it in an oven until it hardens, after which he creates the eyes and adds varnish. He makes many cruel jokes about the opposite sex and believes that he knows everything about everything. Various troupes and actors would alter his behavior to suit style, personal preferences, or even the particular scenario being performed. 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